Common Eye Problems and Diseases in Dogs
As with us humans, several eye disorders can affect our dog friends. These diseases generally have very different origins and can be more or less serious. This is why, as soon as the first symptoms appear in your dog, it is important to act quickly.
Indeed, the most serious pathologies can lead your doggie to partially and sometimes even totally lose his sight. But don't worry, in this article, we will review the common eye problems and diseases in dogs, as well as their symptoms so that you can react accordingly and ensure the well-being of your four-legged friend.
Common Dogs Eye Diseases
Here below we have mentioned some of the most common and main eye problems that your dog can face and how to deal with them.
Eye diseases are not only numerous but also very common. It is for this reason that it may be interesting for you to ensure your dog prevents possible veterinary costs. Moreover, one of the most common pathologies in our dog friends is cataracts. Just like in humans, it manifests itself by a more or less intense opacification of the lens.
Generally speaking, this disease develops with the aging of the animal. However, it can also be due to a disease, diabetes mellitus for example, or trauma to the eye. Some breeds are also more affected by cataracts, such as the American Cocker Spaniel or the Husky example. If a cataract is suspected, it is important to consult your veterinarian promptly, as the risk of blindness is significant.
Another disease identical to that of humans: conjunctivitis. It results in inflammation of the conjunctivae on the inner side of the eyelids. If your dog is affected, the symptoms are red-eye, sometimes swollen or watery, and the presence of corneal edema. Please note, all conjunctivitis is not the same and requires appropriate treatment.
The causes can be irritation, a parasite, or even an allergy. If it is viral in origin, this disease can be very contagious and is easily transmitted if an affected dog comes into contact with another dog. Although the milder forms can heal on their own, we advise you to visit your veterinarian in any case so that he can give you the appropriate treatment to manage the symptoms.
Glaucoma is linked to degeneration of the dog's optic nerve. Little by little, the visual capacities of your animal are reduced, it happens from the periphery of the eyes towards the center. In this case, you may observe your dog bumping into a bump.
Glaucoma is caused by an increase in intraocular pressure, itself due to an accumulation of aqueous humor (clear liquid located in the space between the lens and the cornea). It is possible to relieve your dog by reducing this pressure by surgery or by drug treatment. On the other hand, the consequences of the disease are irreversible, which is why we must act quickly.
Ectropion and Entropion
We speak of entropion when the edge of the eyelid rolls up inwards. Conversely, ectropion corresponds to a rolling of the eyelid inwards. This pathology is often observed in elderly animals, but certain breeds are predisposed to it, such as Saint Bernard. In both cases, surgery (blepharoplasty) is essential to obtain lasting healing.
Dislocation of the Lens
Dislocation of the lens, as its name suggests, is a partial or total rupture of the ligament that keeps the lens in place. This malformation is generally of hereditary origin and particularly affects breeds such as the Fox Terrier or the Jack Russel.
However, the dislocation of the lens can also be linked to another eye disease such as glaucoma explained earlier in the article, or a tumor for example. This pathology is extremely painful for your doggie. This is why it must be taken care of quickly. It can also lead to the development of glaucoma or worsen it.
What If Your Dog Has One Of These Diseases?
If you notice that your dog is exhibiting one of the symptoms mentioned above, the best course of action is to do nothing! Indeed, administering a drug that you think is adequate, such as eye drops, may make the situation worse. In any case, consult your dog's veterinarian as soon as possible. He is the only one able to give the treatment adapted to the ocular pathology of your animal.
If necessary, he can also recommend a product to relieve your dog while waiting for the day of the consultation. If you are unable to find a veterinarian for your dogs, you should also buy some of the best Health Supplies for Dogs in Australia to use in an emergency.
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